By 1967, King had become the country's most prominent opponent of the Vietnam War, and a staunch critic of overall U.S. foreign policy, which he deemed militaristic. In his "Beyond Vietnam" speech delivered at New York's Riverside Church on April 4, 1967 - a year to the day before he was murdered - King called the United States "the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today."
Prominent media outlets that previously championed King as a hero were not pleased with this message of simple human decency and common sense. Life Magazine called it "demagogic slander that sounded like a script for Radio Hanoi." The Washington Post declared, "King has diminished his usefulness to his cause, his country, his people."
"After four weeks of testimony and one hour of deliberation, the jury in the wrongful-death case found that Loyd Jowers as well as "others, including governmental agencies" had been part of a conspiracy. The jury awarded the King family the damages they had sought: $100, which the family says it will donate to charity."
ABC News: "In the early 1960s, America's top military leaders reportedly drafted plans to kill innocent people and commit acts of terrorism in U.S. cities to create public support for a war against Cuba."
Proposed plans included shooting down an empty, remote controlled airliner supposedly full of American students and blaming the Cubans, and staging a "Remember the Maine" incident by blowing up a U.S. ship in Cuban waters and then blaming the incident on Cuban sabotage.
The original Operation Northwoods documents are availalbe at George Washington University's National Security Archive.
"Why, of course, the people don't want war," Goering shrugged. "Why would some poor slob on a farm want to risk his life in a war when the best that he can get out of it is to come back to his farm in one piece. Naturally, the common people don't want war; neither in Russia nor in England nor in America, nor for that matter in Germany. That is understood. But, after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine the policy and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy or a fascist dictatorship or a Parliament or a Communist dictatorship."
"There is one difference," Gilbert pointed out. "In a democracy the people have some say in the matter through their elected representatives, and in the United States only Congress can declare wars."
"Oh, that is all well and good, but, voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same way in any country."
Cuba has denounced as a "farce" the acquittal in the United States of Luis Posada Carriles, a former CIA agent who is accused of terrorist attacks against the island. The foreign ministry said Friday's verdict, which found the 83-year-old not guilty on all 11 counts of perjury, obstruction of justice and immigration fraud, showed the US continued to protect a known terrorist.
See also the declassified documents on Luis Posada Carriles at George Washingon University's National Security Archive site
UK Guardian: "Interestingly, the American definition of terrorism is a reversal of the word's original meaning, given in the Oxford English Dictionary as "government by intimidation". Today it usually refers to intimidation of governments."
One of many incidents: "This was a study done immediately after World War II and these young women came to the clinic thinking that they were getting vitamins to drink, that this would help their babies. And in fact, what was being studied was how fast the radio iodine crossed into the placenta. [...] They had all kinds of ailments, skin diseases, cancer, blood disorders, some of their offspring, their children that they were carrying at the time of this experiment died of cancer. And very strange cancers at young ages."
CIA statement: "Effective immediately, CIA will not enter into any paid or contractual relationship with any full-time or part-time news correspondent accredited by any U.S. news service, newspaper, periodical, radio or television network or station."
Agency officials who testified after the February 11, 1976, announcement told the Committee that the prohibition extends to non-Americans accredited to specific United States media organizations. The CIA currently maintains a network of several hundred foreign individuals around the world who provide intelligence for the CIA and at times attempt to influence opinion through the use of covert propaganda. These individuals provide the CIA with direct access to a large number of newspapers and periodicals, scores of press services and news agencies, radio and television stations, commercial book publishers, and other foreign media outlets.
Approximately 50 of the assets are individual American journalists or employees of U.S. media organizations. Of these, fewer than half are "accredited" by U.S. media organizations and thereby affected by the new prohibitions on the use of accredited newsmen. The remaining individuals are non-accredited freelance contributors and media representatives abroad, and thus are not affected by the new CIA prohibition. (see Senate Select Committe report, page 200)
See also The CIA And The Media by Carl Bernstein: "This same official estimated that the files contained descriptions of about half a dozen reporters and correspondents who would be considered "famous"-that is, their names would be recognized by most Americans."
Legacy of Ashes is a detailed history of the Central Intelligence Agency from its creation after World War II, through the Cold War years and the War on Terror, to its near-collapse after 9/11. The book is based on more than 50,000 documents, primarily from the archives of the CIA itself, and hundreds of interviews with CIA veterans, including ten Directors of Central Intelligence.
"Dulles kept in close touch with the men who ran The New York Times,The Washington Post, and the nation's leading weekly magazines. He could pick up the phone and edit a breaking story, make sure an irritating foreign correspondent was yanked from the field, or hire the services of men such as Time's Berlin bureau chief and Newsweek's man in Tokyo.It was second nature for Dulles to plant stories in the press. American newsrooms were dominated by veterans of the government's wartime propaganda branch, the Office of War Information, once part of Wild Bill Donovan's domain.The men who responded to the CIA's call included Henry Luce and his editors at Time, Life, and Fortune: popular magazines such as Parade, the Saturday Review, and Reader's Digest; and the most powerful executives at CBS News. Dulles built a public-relations and propaganda machine that came to include more than fifty news organizations, a dozen publishing houses, and personal pledges of support from men such as Axel Springer, West Germany's most powerful press baron."
New York Times: "He [Chief CIA Iran Analyst] said that the C.I.A. sent an operative to teach interrogation methods to SAVAK, the Shah's secret police, that the training included instructions in torture, and the techniques were copied from the Nazis."
The Federation of American Scientists also found it guilty of "the torture and execution of thousands of political prisoners" and symbolizing "the Shah's rule from 1963-79." The FAS list of SAVAK torture methods included "electric shock, whipping, beating, inserting broken glass and pouring boiling water into the rectum, tying weights to the testicles, and the extraction of teeth and nails." ~Wikipedia
All of these facilities shared a similar modus operandi: blindfolded victims were brought to them after being snatched in their homes or on the street by plainclothed agents in DINA's signature unmarked Ford Falcons. Prisoners were severely abused.
One Chilean military officer told the U.S. defense attache that DINA used a system of interrogation "straight out of the Spanish Inquisition." Each facility specialized in particular forms of torture. At Londres No. 38, for example, DINA agents often rounded up a prisoner's family members and sexually abused them with the prisoner present in order to extract information. Villa Grimaldi was known for its "Chile rooms" - wooden isolation compartments so small that prisoners could not kneel nor lay down.
Other forms of torture were commonly used at all DINA facilities. The Report of the Chilean National Commission on Truth and Reconciliation catalogued the horrific methods favored by DINA practicioners to obtain "intelligence" from prisoners:
In some camps routine sadism were taken to extremes. At Villa Grimaldi, recalcitrant prisoners were dragged to a parking lot; DINA agents then used a car or truck to run over and crush their legs. Prisoners there recalled one young man who was beaten with chains and left to die slowly from internal injuries. Rape was also a recurring form of abuse. DINA officers subjected female prisoners to grotesque forms of sexual torture that included insertion of rodents and, as tactfully described in the Commission report, "unnatural acts involving dogs."
Few prisoners who were severely tortured lived to provide evidence of these atrocities. DINA agents murdered hundreds of victims. Many of them remain disaparecidos--disappeared. Approximatly 1,000 Chileans - and one U.S. citizen - vanished during the seventeen-year Pinochet dictatorship - the majority of them at the hands of DINA. (pg. 170-1)
"It is not a part of American history that we are proud of." - Secretary of State Colin Powell, responding to a question on the morality of the U.S. role in Chile, February 20, 2003
"The torturer, like the pirate of old, is hostis humanis generis - the enemy of all mankind."
- Landmark 1980 U.S. Court ruling on the rights of torture victims
"The value of the Pinochet File lies...in the missionary zeal and methodical devotion with which Kornbluh sets out to catalogue the evidence of U.S. guilt--to dizzying, devastating effect."
- Washington Post
At home, the declassified U.S. documents on Chile prompted the news media to revisit U.S. policy and reexamine Kissinger's role. Major programs, from CNN to the PBS News Hour and CBS's 60 Minutes did segments on the unresolved historical questions of U.S. misconduct in Chile.
In press appearances to promote the last volume of this memoirs, Kissinger was forced on the defensive. "What business did the U.S. have trying to overthrow the president of another country, Mr. Secretary?" he was asked on CNN's news program Crossfire. "Why did you not say to him, you're violating human rights, you're killing people, stop it?"
Kissinger was pressed in a NewsHour interview by Elizabeth Farnsworth. He remained unrepentant. "Human rights were not an international issue at the time, the way they have become since," he explained. "Any inference that Washington had to atone for wrongdoing," he added, "assumes the policy was immoral or worse, and that I don't accept." (p. 495)
"Under the guise of a "continuing investigation," however, the Bush administration refused to declassify the hundreds of secret documents that implicated General Pinochet in a terrorist attack in Washington." (pg. 489)
Once at the prison camp, agents questioned Ayress for hours to gain information about liberal intelligence. She refused to answer and suffered immense torture. Ayress's torture began with nude beatings. Agents yelled insults at her while they beat her. They screamed, "Speak, red dog, or we will shoot your father and brother in front of you!" Each day her torture worsened. Agents sliced her skin and burnt her with cigarettes. Then they hung her from the ceiling and crammed tree limbs and coke bottles into her vagina and anus.
As the days passed Ayress endured more gruesome treatment. Tortures stripped her naked and placed her on metal bed springs where they shocked her tongue and vagina. Guards employed animals to conduct torture on Ayress and forced her to endure rape by Dobermans. They also shoved starved rats into her vagina. She screamed as the rats ripped and tore their way out. Guards raped Ayress over 40 times and consequently she became pregnant. She feared that if her tortures learned of her pregnancy she would face maniacal experimentation on her fetus. She kept quiet about her pregnancy but as a result of endless torture miscarried.
"Project MKUltra - sometimes referred to as the CIA's mind control program - was the code name given to an illegal and clandestine program of experiments on human subjects, designed and undertaken by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Experiments on humans were intended to identify and develop drugs and procedures to be used in interrogations and torture, in order to weaken the individual to force confessions through mind control." MKULTRA, Wikipedia
U.S. School Of The Americas official proudly admits to training torture: A war crime condemned by the international community and punishable by death under U.S. law. (Begins at 23:29 in the video above.) The School of the Americas is notorious for training future Latin American dictators and their political terror squads.
The United States is good. We try to do our best everywhere. - Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, 1999
Never before in modern history has a country dominated the earth so totally as the United States does today.... America is now the Schwarzenegger of international politics: showing off muscles, obtrusive, intimidating.... The Americans, in the absence of limits put to them by anybody or anything, act as if they own a kind of blank check in their 'McWorld.' - Der Spiegel, Germany's leading newsmagazine, 1997
How can they have the arrogance to dictate to us where we should go or which countries should be our friends? Gadhafi is my friend. He supported us when we were alone and when those who tried to prevent my visit here today were our enemies. They have no morals. We cannot accept that a state assumes the role of the world's policemen. - South African President Nelson Mandela, 1997
Throughout the world, on any given day, a man, woman or child is likely to be displaced, tortured, killed or "disappeared", at the hands of governments or armed political groups. More often than not, the United States shares the blame. - Amnesty International, 1996
"Creative muckraking and organizing can put the FBI and police on the defensive and undermine their morale and legitimacy." -Attorney and Author Brian Glick
"No one is going to give you the education you need to overthrow them. Nobody is going to teach you your true history, teach you your true heroes, if they know that that knowledge will help set you free." - Assata Shakur